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Biomimetic Photodegradation of Glyphosate in Carborane-Functionalized Nanoconfined Spaces
29 August 2023
The removal of organophosphorus (OP) herbicides from water has been studied using adsorptive removal, chemical oxidation, electrooxidation, enzymatic degradation, and photodegradation. The OP herbicide glyphosate (GP) is one of the most used herbicides worldwide, leading to excess GP in wastewater and soil. GP is commonly broken down in environmental conditions to compounds such as aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) or sarcosine, with AMPA having a longer half-life and similar toxicity to GP.
Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are excellent materials for purifying OP herbicides from water due to their ability to combine adsorption and photoactivity within one material. Herein, we report the use of a robust Zr-based MOF with a meta-carborane carboxylate ligand (mCB-MOF-2) to examine the adsorption and photodegradation of GP. The maximum adsorption capacity of mCB-MOF-2 for GP was determined to be 11.4 mmol/g. Non-covalent intermolecular forces between the carborane-based ligand and GP within the micropores of mCB-MOF-2 are thought to be responsible for strong binding affinity and capture of GP. After 24 h of irradiation with ultraviolet–visible (UV–vis) light, mCB-MOF-2 selectively converts 69% of GP to sarcosine and orthophosphate, following the C–P lyase enzymatic pathway and biomimetically photodegrading GP. Circumventing the production of AMPA is desirable, as it has a longer half-life and similar toxicity to GP. The exceptional adsorption capacity of GP by mCB-MOF-2 and its biomimetic photodegradation to non-toxic sarcosine make it a promising material for removing OP herbicides from water.
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Biomimetic Photodegradation of Glyphosate in Carborane-Functionalized Nanoconfined Spaces


Lei Gan, Makenzie T. Nord, Jacob M. Lessard, Noah Q. Tufts, Arunraj Chidambaram, Mark E. Light, Hongliang Huang, Eduardo Solano, Julio Fraile, Fabián Suárez-García, Clara Viñas, Francesc Teixidor, Kyriakos C. Stylianou*, and José G. Planas*

J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2023, 145, 25, 13730–13741
Publication Date:June 20, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jacs.3c02019